『New Trends in Environmental Management』
Dr. Narasimmalu Rajendran 島根大学 汽水域研究センター 客員教授
In the recent past, pressures on the environment have been high both in developed and developing countries, but at the same time, there have been a number of environmental improvements. One of the common sources of aquatic environmental problems is the release of pollutants from industrial facilities. In order to reduce or minimize the environmental impacts of these discharged industrial wastes, a number of approaches (Pollution prevention-P2, zero emission control, environmental management system, B3 etc.) have been followed by using physical, chemical and biological processes. Since microorganisms are responsible for a number of industrial and environmental significance, microorganisms have been widely used to clean up the polluted environments and it is also necessary to monitor these metabolic activities of the microorganisms to better monitoring of the environmental processes. However, the available methods to monitor the microbial biomass and its metabolic activities are all suffering from some limitations. Recent developments in molecular biology have led to increased understanding of gene structure and function, and have also provided the genetic basis to apply molecular approaches to monitor the microbial processes in environment. In this presentation, the commonly used approaches to study the microorganisms and the possible application of new molecular approaches in environmental management have been described.